Pacific Empire Minerals Corp. (TSXV: PEMC): Prospect Generator, Focused on Discovery of Gold-Rich Copper Deposits in British Columbia, Interview with Brad Peters, President and CEO
by Allen Alper Jr., President, Metals News


Pacific Empire Minerals Corp. (TSXV: PEMC) is a hybrid prospect generator company, focused on the discovery of gold-rich copper deposits in British Columbia. By integrating the project generator business model, with low-cost reverse circulation drilling, the company is able to leverage its portfolio by identifying and focusing on the highest quality projects for partnerships and advancement. While at the Sprott Natural Resource Symposium in Vancouver, Canada, we learned from Brad Peters, President and CEO of Pacific Empire, that they focus on mining-friendly, infrastructure-ready areas, within British Columbia, where there is a lot of public data available, in terms of assessment reports, previous drilling, radiometrics, and magnetics. By analyzing this historical data together with their own initial exploration, Pacific Empire is able to identify targets ideally suited for reverse circulation drilling. We learned from Mr. Peters, that Pacific Empire currently has 14 projects in the portfolio, two of which are currently under option. Plans for this year include testing six to eight of the projects, with the company's own reverse circulation drill. Mr. Peters sees a positive future for copper with renewable energy, with the global infrastructure build-out playing a significant role.
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Aethon Minerals Corp. (TSX-V: AET): A Canadian-Based, Copper-Focused Exploration Company, Positioned for Growth in a Top-Tier Mining Jurisdiction, Interview with Robert Davies, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Aethon Minerals Corp. (TSX-V: AET) is a Canadian-based, copper-focused exploration company, uniquely positioned for growth. The company has consolidated a very large prospective land position in northern Chile, consisting of over 130,000 hectares, along prolific mining belts, located in Chile’s Maricunga and Antofagasta regions. We learned from Robert Davies, who is President and CEO of Aethon Minerals, that their Llanos property, located in Chile's Region IV, with excellent access and existing infrastructure, has potential for a substantial copper-gold-molybdenum porphyry body. We also learned from Mr. Davies that their other flagship property, Arcas, located in the Antofagasta region, is surrounded by a number of major producers, and had an NI 43-101 technical report completed on it earlier this year. Future plans for 2018 include the drilling program at Llanos, with the simultaneous advancement of exploration activities on the existing 130,000 hectare package, particularly the Arcas project, followed by additional exploration on the Maricunga properties. According to Mr. Davies, Aethon has no debt and is very fortunate to have strong strategic relationships with Altius Minerals, as well as Rick Rule and the Sprott Organization.
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Interview with Steve Poulton, CEO Altus Strategies Plc (AIM: ALS & TSXV: ALTS): A Diversified Mineral Exploration Project Generator Focused on Africa
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


We learned from Steve Poulton, who is CEO and co-founder of Altus Strategies (AIM: ALS & TSXV: ALTS), that their projects are located in West Africa and East Africa primarily and specifically in Mali, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Morocco, Liberia, and Ivory Coast. Approximately half of Altus’ assets are gold focused. We also learned from Mr. Poulton that since their August 2017 AIM IPO in London, how they moved rapidly to acquire Legend Gold on the TSXV in January, undertook a C$4.1m financing in April and completed a TSXV dual listing of their shares in June 2018. The Company is currently the only Canadian listed project generator, which is focused exclusively on Africa. The Company has just announced an exciting development from their bauxite discovery in Cameroon.
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Deep Yellow Limited (ASX: DYL): Well-Funded, World Class Leadership, Proven Track Record in Uranium, Significant Resource Expansion, Interview with John Borshoff, Managing Director
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Deep Yellow Limited (ASX: DYL) is a specialist uranium company focused on growing the existing uranium resources, across its portfolio of uranium projects in Namibia, a top-ranked African mining destination. We learned from John Borshoff, Managing Director of Deep Yellow, that when he became involved in the company it had a market cap of about six and now it is about 65 million dollars. They have more than doubled the resource and are about to triple or even quadruple it by the end of this year. The long-term objective of Deep Yellow is to become a sector consolidator, by building an independent, multi-project, geographically diverse uranium platform, which will have production optionality. Mr. Borshoff believes that the uranium market is in for an incredible rise, but not as soon as some may think.
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Interview with Dave Cole, President and CEO, EMX Royalty Corporation (TSX-V: EMX; NYSE: EMX): A Successful, Diversified Portfolio of Royalties, Mineral Properties, and Investment Interests
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


EMX Royalty Corporation (TSX-V: EMX; NYSE American: EMX) is well-positioned for growth, with ongoing revenue streams from royalty and pre-production payments, as well as an industry network with global connections. EMX Royalty is constantly searching for new opportunities. EMX's portfolio of royalties, mineral properties and investment interests, spans five continents. The portfolio is focused on gold, copper, and polymetallic assets. We learned from Dave Cole, President and CEO of EMX Royalty Corporation, that the Company utilizes a very powerful kind of project generator model. (a) Whereby they sell prospective mineral rights, which they've acquired and added value to through cost effective, early stage geological work. (b) Then they receive pre-production payments and retain a royalty interest as their partners advance the projects. In addition to these organically generated royalties, EMX also buys royalties and makes strategic investment in unrecognized opportunities. According to Mr. Cole, the Company has a first rate team that is uniquely qualified to execute the Company's diversified business model and build shareholder value.
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Future of Mining Americas Conference, Denver, Oct 29-30
by Kate Garland, Aspermont Media


The Future of Mining Americas has been created to connect C-suite, Heads and Managers of Mine Operations and Mining Equipment, Technology and Services (METS) providers from top enterprises around the globe to debate and define the future mining landscape on a strategic level across the Americas, enabling attendees to discover the latest innovations and technologies which are driving mine productivity, mine efficiency and mine safety.
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Sandstorm Gold Ltd. (NYSE American: SAND, TSX: SSL): A Gold Royalty Company, Portfolio of 188 Royalties, Interview with Nolan Watson, President and CEO
by Allen Alper, Jr., President, Metals News


Sandstorm Gold Ltd. (NYSE American: SAND, TSX: SSL) is a gold royalty company that provides upfront financing to gold mining companies that are looking for capital, and in return, receives the right to a percentage of the gold produced from a mine, for the life of the mine. Sandstorm has acquired a portfolio of 188 royalties, of which 20 of the underlying mines are producing. While at the Sprott Natural Resource Symposium in Vancouver, Canada, we learned from Nolan Watson, President and CEO of Sandstorm Gold, that the company found an incredibly profitable niche for itself in deal sizes that range from 100 thousand up to 200 million dollars. Sandstorm's key focus is finding assets that have absolutely enormous exploration upside, and the company succeeded in building a portfolio that is providing huge amounts of capital, so there is no need to raise equity. According to Mr. Watson, the current market conditions are favorable for royalty acquisitions and Sandstorm plans to grow and diversify its low-cost production profile, through the acquisition of additional gold royalties.
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Mirasol Resources Ltd. (TSXV: MRZ, OTCPK: MRZLF): A Premier Gold/Silver/Copper Project Generator Focused in Chile and Argentina, Interview with Stephen Nano, President and CEO
by Allen Alper, Jr., President, Metals News


Mirasol Resources Ltd. (TSXV: MRZ, OTCPK: MRZLF) is a premier gold/silver/copper project generator focused on the next discovery in Chile and Argentina. We learned from Stephen Nano, Director, President and CEO of Mirasol Resources, that the company's objective is to discover a world-class mineral deposit. Mirasol uses leading edge geoscience to identify and secure a large portfolio of 100% owned mineral properties that haven't been sampled or drill-tested before. In the last 12 months, Mirasol did four new deals, two of them with Newcrest Mining, in Chile, and two of them with OceanaGold in Argentina. The company and its joint venture partners are evaluating, and planning exploration and drilling programs on its joint venture projects and with CAD 25 million in the bank, Mirasol is also planning to drill two very high-grade, gold-silver projects in Argentina, starting in the spring and summer months of this year (in the southern hemisphere). Rick Rule personally owns a significant position in Mirasol. Combined with Sprott, they own about 10% of Mirasol's issued capital. A really important thing about Mirasol, according to Mr. Nano, is that they are one of the few project generators out there that have gone from a grassroots discovery, with a joint venture partner, all the way through to the sale of the project.
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Interview with Patrick Mutz, Managing Director, Image Resources NL (ASX: IMA): Emerging High-Grade, High-Value, Low-Cost Mineral Sands Producer, Positive Cash Flow 1st QTR 2019
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Image Resources NL (ASX: IMA) is an emerging mineral sands producer focused on the rapid construction of its first mining operation at its high-grade, high-value, low-cost Boonanarring Project, in the North Perth Basin, Western Australia. The Boonanarring project is located in an area with advanced infrastructure and skilled workforce. We learned from Patrick Mutz, Managing Director of Image Resources, that the two main minerals the Boonanarring project will produce are ilmenite, used in paint and paper products, and zircon used in ceramics. We learned from Mr. Mutz that the project is now fully funded and on the fast track to be commissioned in October of 2018, with the first production expected before the end of the year. According to Mr. Mutz, the company has already negotiated 100% off-take for all of its production for the life of the mine. First quarter of 2019, they are expecting to see positive cash flow.
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Orocobre Limited (ASX: ORE, TSX: ORL): A Dynamic, Global, Lithium Carbonate Supplier, Established Producer of Boron, Interview with Andrew Barber, Investor Relations Manager
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Orocobre Limited (ASX: ORE, TSX: ORL) is a dynamic, global, lithium carbonate supplier and an established producer of boron. Orocobre’s operations include its Olaroz Lithium Facility in Northern Argentina, Borax Argentina, an established Argentine boron minerals and refined chemicals producer, with a 29% interest in Advantage Lithium. We learned from Andrew Barber, Investor Relations Manager of Orocobre, that they produce both a battery-grade, lithium-carbonate product and a technical-grade product. For the past two and a half years, their margins have continued to grow quarter upon quarter. According to Mr. Barber, the Company is very profitable, generating a lot of cash, and is in a very strong position, with 317 million dollars cash on the balance sheet. Near-term plans include adding another 25,000 tons of production capacity for lithium-carbonate in Olaroz, while simultaneously building a lithium hydroxide plant in Japan with their joint venture partner, Toyota Tsusho, to utilize some of the technical- grade product from Olaroz as feed stock. According to Mr. Barber, they have built a vertically integrated business, with significant product diversification as they move into both carbonate and hydroxide production.
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Osisko Gold Royalties Ltd (TSX & NYSE: OR): A North American Focused Portfolio of Over 130 Royalties, Streams and Precious Metal Offtakes, Interview Vincent Metcalfe, VP, IR
by Allen Alper, Jr., President, Metals News


Osisko Gold Royalties Ltd (TSX & NYSE: OR) is an intermediate, precious metal, royalty company, with a North American focused portfolio of over 130 royalties, streams and precious metal offtakes. Osisko Gold Royalties offers investors the unique opportunity to participate in the success of world-class gold mines, such as Canadian Malartic and Éléonore, two of the most precious royalty assets in the sector, with long mine lives and strong potential for growth. According to Vincent Metcalfe, VP of Investor Relations, with Osisko Gold Royalties, the current market provides a lot of different opportunities to do deals on longer term type projects for a reasonable price. We learned from Mr. Metcalfe, that Osisko's business model utilizes two different approaches to royalty business: the first approach is traditional streaming and royalty deals with near-term and in-production companies, the second approach is called the accelerator model that deals with longer-term opportunities, like exploration and permitting stage projects. The accelerator model allows for organic growth and better return on investment.
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Interview with Phillip Walford, President and CEO, Marathon Gold Corporation (TSX: MOZ): Developing the Largest Gold Project in Atlantic Canada
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Marathon Gold Corporation (TSX: MOZ) is focused on their long-term goal of moving the 100% owned Valentine Lake Gold Camp through to production, in central Newfoundland. The Valentine Lake Gold Camp currently hosts four near-surface, mainly pit-shell constrained, deposits with measured and indicated resources, totaling 2,137,400 oz. of gold at 1.99 g/t and inferred resources totaling 1,104,700 oz. of gold at 1.99 g/t. Marathon recently completed a positive PEA that shows an average annual production of 188,500 ounces per year over the first 10 years, with an after-tax payback of 2.8 years, an after-tax NPV (5%) of $466 million and an after-tax IRR of 25%. We learned from Phillip Walford, President and CEO of Marathon Gold, that the conservative PEA demonstrated a very robust low-cost operation, with the cash cost roughly less than half the present gold price per ounce. Marathon’s 240 sq. km sized Valentine Lake property has multiple exploration targets to be explored in 2018.
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Nemaska Lithium Inc. (TSX: NMX, OTCQX:NMKEF, FRANKFURT:N0T): is Positioned to Become a Fully-Integrated Lithium Producer
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Nemaska Lithium Inc. (TSX:NMX, OTCQX:NMKEF, FRANKFURT:N0T) is a pure play lithium investment, solely focused on developing its Whabouchi lithium project, in Quebec, into a viable lithium mine and electrochemical plant and becoming a leading supplier of lithium hydroxide and lithium carbonate to the emerging lithium battery market, as well as other applications. Nemaska Lithium plans to be one of the world's largest producers of lithium hydroxide, vertically integrated, from spodumene mining to the commercialization of high-purity lithium hydroxide and lithium carbonate. The Whabouchi mine is one of the richest lithium spodumene deposits in the world, both in volume and grade. We learned from Wanda Cutler, Investor Relations Manager for Nemaska Lithium, that close to 70% of the Company’s future production is spoken for, via off-take or right of first offer, with several large end-users. Nemaska just closed the $1.1 billion Canadian financing and is now fully financed to build both the mine as well as the electrochemical plant in Shawinigan that will utilize the company's patented process to transform spodumene concentrate directly into high purity lithium hydroxide. This technology gives Nemaska a considerable cost advantage over its competition, coming in as the lowest cost producer of lithium hydroxide in a high growth market.
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Osisko Metals Inc. (TSX-V: OM; FRANKFURT: OB5): Developing Canada’s Two Premier Zinc Mining Camps, Interview with Jeff Hussey, President and CEO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Osisko Metals Inc. (TSX-V: OM; FRANKFURT: OB5) controls Canada’s two premier zinc mining camps, the Pine Point Mining Camp (PPMC), located in the Northwest Territories and the Bathurst Mining Camp (BMC), located in northern New Brunswick. Both projects are past producers, with access to excellent infrastructure. We learned from Jeff Hussey, President and CEO of Osisko Metals, that their third project is a joint venture with Osisko Mining (TSX: OSK), where they are going to start drilling 12 high-priority drill ready base metal targets in June. Other plans for 2018 include exploration drill programs for Pine Point and Bathurst (50,000 meters each) totaling 100,000 meters of drilling, which is the largest base metal exploration program, occurring at this moment, in Canada. According to Mr. Hussey, there's been a steady decline in zinc supply during the last five years and the zinc prices are rising significantly. We also learned that the main uses of zinc are galvanization, in the infrastructure, construction and transportation industries; as nutrient in fertilizers in the agriculture industry, and in renewable power storage, within the batteries market.
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Rick Rule Rates Your Natural Resource Portfolio and Shows How US Tax Payers Save with Sprott Trusts
by Allen Alper Jr., President, Metals News


Rick Rule, who is President and CEO at Sprott US Holdings Inc., is one of my favorite people to interview, as his wit and intellect are only exceeded by his experience and knowledge of natural resource investment strategies. Rick is a highly experienced investor and speculator, focusing on public and private issuers in natural resource industries. He has personally structured, led and participated in hundreds of privately placed debt and equity issuances for resource companies operating globally, and domiciled in Australia, Canada, Chile, Great Britain, New Zealand, Sweden, Switzerland and the United States. Rick has over thirty years of experience in metals, mining and the natural resource sector in general, and is a presenter at hundreds of resource and investment conferences.
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Interview with Steve Mallyon, Managing Director of Riversdale Resources Limited: Well-Positioned in the Capital-Intensive Bulk Commodities Major Coking Coal Business.
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


We learned from Steve Mallyon, Managing Director of Riversdale Resources Limited, that Riversdale is an Australian-incorporated company, with a major coking coal set of assets in southern Alberta, Canada. The company's flagship project is the large, highly competitive, low-cost Grassy Mountain hard-coking coal project, with a resource of about 200 million tons. We learned from Mr. Mallyon that they have developed a large-scale, open pit, mine plan for a 4.5 million product tons a year operation, with very efficient infrastructure. Riversdale has done a massive test program, involving eight steelmakers to make sure that this product produces an excellent coke and are working with off-takers at the moment. The company expects to complete the permitting process in 12 months. The construction period is going to be about 20 months long. With its fantastic board and solid operating team, Riversdale Resources is well-positioned in the capital-intensive bulk commodities business.
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Avesoro Resources Inc. (TSX: ASO, AIM: ASO): A Growing Low Cost West African Gold Producer, Interview with Nick Smith, Corporate Communications and Investor Relations
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Avesoro Resources Inc. (TSX: ASO, AIM: ASO) is engaged in the exploration and development of gold deposits in highly prospective and under-explored areas of Liberia, Burkina Faso and Cameroon. The company’s vision is to become a premier, mid-tier, West African gold producer and developer. It plans to achieve this in two ways. First, by focusing on resource definition and conversion to expand Mineral Reserves and extend the mine lives at New Liberty, Youga and Balogo, whilst increasing production and significantly improving free cash flow. Further growth will be achieved through maximizing upside potential at their operating mines and through opportunistic and accretive M&A activity. We learned from Nick Smith, Corporate Communications and Investor Relations Manager for Avesoro Resources, that the company's current market cap is just over 300 million dollars and they have three mines, two in the Burkina Faso, and one in Liberia. This year's gold production forecast is 220,000-240,000 ounces. We learned from Mr. Smith that Avesoro is delivering operational improvements and optimized the processing plant to reduce cost and increase production, at the New Liberty Gold Mine, acquired back in July 2016, as well as at the Youga mine. Plans for 2018 include a significant 171,000 meter diamond drilling program to increase their reserve bases and the lives of the mines.
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Interview with Anthony Milewski, Chairman and CEO, Cobalt 27 Capital Corp. (TSXV: $KBLT, FRA: $27O): An Opportunity for Investors to be Involved in the Voisey’s Bay Cobalt Stream and the producing Ramu Nickel-Cobalt Stream
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Cobalt 27 Capital Corp. (TSXV: $KBLT, FRA: $27O). We learned from Anthony Milewski, Chairman and CEO of Cobalt 27, that the company has recently completed two large acquisitions that have transformed Cobalt 27 into the leading electric metals streaming and royalty company. First, they acquired the world’s first producing nickel-cobalt stream on the low-cost, long-life Ramu Nickel-Cobalt Mine for US$113 million, which will bring immediate free cash flow into the company, over the estimated 30 year life of mine. The second transaction is the US$300 million acquisition of a 32.6% cobalt stream on Vale's world-class, Voisey's Bay mine, located in a conflict-free, first-world jurisdiction of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The Voisey’s Bay Cobalt Stream is expected to deliver approximately 1.9 million pounds of cobalt per year to the company beginning in 2021, to be settled in physical delivery for the life of the mine. We also learned from Mr. Milewski, that Cobalt 27 owns approximately 3,000 tonnes of cobalt, making them the second largest holder of physical cobalt in the world, after the Chinese government’s strategic stockpile. According to Mr. Milewski, the heart of the power of the electric vehicle is the nickel-manganese-cobalt chemistry that drives rechargeability, speed, and range in EVs.
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Neometals Ltd (ASX: NMT, OTC: RDRUY): Aim to Create the Most Sustainable Highest-Margin Lithium Business, Interview with Mike Tamlin, COO
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


We learned from Mike Tamlin, COO of Neometals, that they have two strong operating partners in the Mt Marion Mine: Mineral Resources Ltd., which is Australia's largest contract minerals processor, and Ganfeng Lithium, China's largest and most diverse lithium producer, who entered a life-of-mine off-take agreement with Mt Marion. According to Mr. Tamlin, Mt Marion mine has reached maximum production capacity, at a time when the lithium prices are at an all-time high. From the third quarter of this year, Mt Marion Mine is planning to start paying the mine JV shareholders their share of profits. Revenues are very strong and looking to go stronger when the concentrator production is upgraded, later in 2018. The Kalgoorlie Lithium Refinery, which will produce 10,000 tonnes of lithium hydroxide equivalent per annum, is in the middle of its front-end engineering and design phase. The site is well-located and well-serviced. Neometals is in the middle of the approvals process, expecting to commission the plant in mid-2020-2021.
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Interview with Trevor Benson, Executive Chairman, Walkabout Resources Ltd (ASX: WKT): Fast-Tracking the Development of the High-Grade Lindi Jumbo Graphite Project
by Dr. Allen Alper, PhD Economic Geology and Petrology, Columbia University, NYC, USA


Walkabout Resources Ltd (ASX: WKT) is fast-tracking the development of the high-grade Lindi Jumbo Graphite Project, situated in south-eastern Tanzania, to take advantage of forecast market conditions for Flake Graphite demand, with high ratios of Large and Jumbo flakes. We learned from Trevor Benson, Executive Chairman of Walkabout Resources, that they expect to get the mining license in the near term, and the project will be in production within 12 months, supplying high-grade graphite to China and to Germany. We learned from Mr. Benson that the Lindi Jumbo Graphite Project has the highest reserve grade in Tanzania of 16.1 % TGC and a 20 year mine life. They we will be producing 40,000 tonnes per annum of concentrate grade, between 95 to 97 % TGC, with very low capex and operating cost. Additionally, Walkabout Resources has very exciting early stage exploration programs, in Namibia, for lithium and in Northern Ireland for copper, cobalt, gold and silver.
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